EU Ship Recycling Regulation and IHM: How to comply

0 comments

By Regulation | 23/01/20

The entry into force of the sulphur cap in the beginning of 2020 is – and will be – the highlight of the year. However, at the end of 2020, ships must comply with another very important requirement. Specifically, starting from 31 December 2020, ships above 500 GT and flying the flag of an EU/EEA member state, or third-party flagged vessels calling at European ports, must carry an Inventory Hazardous Materials (IHM) certificate on board. To shed light on this matter, DNV GL hosted a webinar, providing more information about the subject.

EU Ship Recycling Regulation and Inventory Hazardous Materials

On 2013, the European Parliament and the Council of the European Union adopted the Ship Recycling Regulation (EU SRR). The aim of this regulation is to reduce the negative impacts linked to the recycling of ships flying the flag of Member States of the Union. The Regulation establishes requirements that ships and recycling facilities have to fulfil in order to ensure that ship recycling takes place in a sound environment and safe manner.

With the EU SRR entering into force on 31 December 2018, ships and shipowners must keep in mind one crucial feature of the regulation: the IHM (Inventory Hazardous Material).

Namely, new vessels carrying the flag of an EU member state must have on board a certified IHM (Inventory Hazardous Material) starting 31 December 2018. As DNV GL explains, this means that ships with building contracts signed after this date, must have the IHM certificate in the specifications.

GET THE SAFETY4SEA IN YOUR INBOX!

What is more, every EU-flagged vessel planned to be recycled after 31 December 2018 must have a Ready for Recycling Certificate. This means that these vessels should only be sent to recycling facilities that the European List of Ship Recycling Facilities (EU List) includes.

In addition, for vessels in operation and flying the flag of an EU member state, the certified IHM will be required from 31 December 2020.

However, shipowners should be aware of the fact that the EU SRR also affects non-EU-flagged vessels, as ships flying a third-country flag (non-EU flag) calling at a port or anchorage of an EU member state shall have a certified IHM, starting 31 December 2020.

What is the IHM

Complying with IHM requirements, as explained, will be a necessary requirement. But what exactly is the IHM?

Basically, it is a list of hazardous materials that are present on a ship. The IHM quantifies and locates hazardous materials on board, which are known to represent a possible danger to people and the environment.

dnv gl ihm

Credit: DNV GL

In order to ensure a safe and environmentally friendly handling of these materials, detailed documentation of those materials in the ship’s structure and equipment, and in stores, is important.

The IHM consists of three parts:

  • Part I: Hazardous materials contained in the ship’s structure and equipment;
  • Part II: Operationally generated wastes;
  • Part III: Stores;

The IHM Part I can be prepared either during the construction of the ship or while the ship is in operation. It is maintained and kept up to date until the end of the ship’s life.

Receiving IHM certification

As DNV GL explains in its webinar, receiving an IHM certification is a three-step process.

  1. IHM preparation: In this first step, the agreement for the IHM preparation is signed, followed by the on board inspection. After that the IHM and the report are prepared, and are submitted to the ship owner.
  2. RO approval: During the second step, the agreement for the IHM plan approval is signed, while after that the relevant documents are reviewed. Next, there are clarification comments (if any). Finally, there is the approval and the approval letter submitted to the ship owner.
  3. IHM initial survey: The final step includes the on board verification of the IHM, which follows a specific check list. The verification can last two hours, after which, if everything is in compliance, the IHM certificate or statement of compliance will be issued by the surveyor with maximum 5 years validity in harmonization with the ship’s main class renewal date.

However, ship owners should keep one very important thing in mind. The whole process could last up to 3 months. So, they must plan the relevant work in a timely manner.

In order to see the progress of IHM certification across the industry, DNV GL conducted a short poll. In this poll, participants were asked in which stage of compliance they are. The results are as follows:

  • The majority answered that preparation for certification is in progress, but not finished;
  • Tying in second place, many answered either that they have not started yet, or that they have just began;
  • Lastly, only an 8% answered that they are IHM certified.

Maintaining the IHM

An IHM maintenance procedure is crucial, and should include the assignment of a qualified designated person. This person’s duties should be contained in the ship owner’s quality management system, and include, among others:

  • Works on behalf of the ship owner;
  • Maintaining and updating the IHM;
  • May be employed ashore or on board;
  • In case of conversion, repair or sale of a ship, they maintain or update the IHM Part I, by recording all relevant changes;
  • Establishes, implements and supervises a system to ensure updating of IHM Part I.

However, despite the importance of the designated person, the ship owner is the one responsible for the maintenance of IHM Part I, during the entire life time of the ship. Ship owners are also the ones nominating the designated persons that will be responsible for EU SRR compliance.

The importance of the ship owners’ responsibility is even more evident by the fact that PSC inspections are limited to verifying that there is on board either an IHM Certificate / Statement of compliance (SoC), or a Ready for Recycle Certificate (RfR).

Nevertheless, in case a ship does not carry a valid IHM Certificate / SoC, or a RfR, or there are clear grounds for believing that:

  • The condition of the vessels does not correspond with the certificate; or
  • There is no procedure implemented on board the ship for the maintenance of IHM Part 1.

… a detailed inspection may take place. The inspection will consider relevant IMO guidelines.

Ready for Recycle Certificate

Another crucial certificate is the Ready for Recycle Certificate (RfR). All EU/EEA-flagged ships that were planned to be recycled after 31 December 2018 are required to have an RfRC and must only be sent to recycling facilities included in the European List of Ship Recycling Facilities (European List).The Basel Ban amendment, which entered into force on 5 December 2019, mandates that end-of-life ships from EU/OECD countries can only be recycled in EU/OECD countries.

In the same wavelength, the EU Waste Shipment Regulation requires that even though carrying a flag of a third party, a ship must only be sent to EU/EEA/OECD countries for recycling if leaving from one of the EU/EEA ports.

dnv gl eu srr

Credit: DNV GL

To receive an RfR, the ship owner must initially prepare IHM Parts II and III, as well as find a ship recycling facility listed in the European List. They must then send IHM Parts II and III to the respective ship recycling facility, along with the updated IHM Part I, in order for the ship-specific Ship Recycling Plan (SRP) to be prepared by the ship recycling facility.

When the SRP is ready, the ship owner will have to request a final survey from the ship’s flag or from an RO for the verification of the following:

  • Up-to-date IHM Part I, and approved IHM Parts II and III, have been prepared by the ship owner and are on board;
  • The approved SRP is on board and has been developed taking into account the hazmats listed in the IHM;
  • The agreed ship recycling facility is in the European List.

Updated European List

From 31 December 2018, large commercial seagoing vessels carrying the flag of an EU Member State may be recycled only in safe and sound ship recycling facilities included in the European List of ship recycling facilities.

The European List was first established on 19 December 2016 and last updated on 17 June 2019. It now includes 34 shipyards, including 30 facilities located in 12 Member States of the European Union and in Norway, 3 facilities in Turkey and 1 facility in the United States of America.

To be included in the European List, any ship recycling facility irrespective of its location has to comply with a number of safety and environmental requirements

The EU has informed.

For facilities located in the EU, the national authorities of the Member States indicate to the Commission which facilities located on their territory are compliant.

Ship recycling facilities located in third countries and intending to recycle ships flying a flag of a Member State must submit an application to the Commission for inclusion in the European List.

Below you may see the complete list of the compliant shipyards

Leave a Reply

SSCP   CAS-002   9L0-066   350-050   642-999   220-801   74-678   642-732   400-051   ICGB   c2010-652   70-413   101-400   220-902   350-080   210-260   70-246   1Z0-144   3002   AWS-SYSOPS   70-347   PEGACPBA71V1   220-901   70-534   LX0-104   070-461   HP0-S42   1Z0-061   000-105   70-486   70-177   N10-006   500-260   640-692   70-980   CISM   VCP550   70-532   200-101   000-080   PR000041   2V0-621   70-411   352-001   70-480   70-461   ICBB   000-089   70-410   350-029   1Z0-060   2V0-620   210-065   70-463   70-483   CRISC   MB6-703   1z0-808   220-802   ITILFND   1Z0-804   LX0-103   MB2-704   210-060   101   200-310   640-911   200-120   EX300   300-209   1Z0-803   350-001   400-201   9L0-012   70-488   JN0-102   640-916   70-270   100-101   MB5-705   JK0-022   350-060   300-320   1z0-434   350-018   400-101   350-030   000-106   ADM-201   300-135   300-208   EX200   PMP   NSE4   1Z0-051   c2010-657   C_TFIN52_66   300-115   70-417   9A0-385   70-243   300-075   70-487   NS0-157   MB2-707   70-533   CAP   OG0-093   M70-101   300-070   102-400   JN0-360   SY0-401   000-017   300-206   CCA-500   70-412   2V0-621D   70-178   810-403   70-462   OG0-091   1V0-601   200-355   000-104   700-501   70-346   CISSP   300-101   1Y0-201   200-125  , 200-125  , 100-105  , 100-105  , CISM   NS0-157   350-018  , NS0-157   ICBB  , N10-006 test  , 350-050   70-534   70-178   220-802   102-400   000-106   70-411  , 400-101   100-101  , NS0-157   1Z0-803   200-125  , 210-060   400-201   350-050   C_TFIN52_66  , JN0-102  , 200-355   JN0-360   70-411   350-018  , 70-412   350-030   640-916   000-105   100-105  , 70-270  , 70-462   300-070  , 300-070   642-999   101-400   PR000041   200-101  , 350-030   300-070  , 70-270  , 400-051   200-120   70-178   9L0-012   70-487   LX0-103   100-105  ,