Barriers for adoption of energy efficiency operational measures in shipping industry

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Mohammud Hanif Dewan 1,2 & Omar Yaakob 2,3 & Aini Suzana 4

Received: 9 November 2016 /Accepted: 7 March 2018
# World Maritime University 2018

Abstract According to the Third Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Study 2014 of International
Maritime Organization (IMO), the total emission in 2012 are estimated to be
949 million tonnes which is 2.7% of global CO2 emission by total shipping and
expected to increase from 2012 levels by 50–250% by 2050. Significant changes
are needed to all industry by implementation of energy efficiency design and
operational measures to meet existing and future global emission reduction targets.
Although the fuel cost-reducing effects of some energy efficiency measures and
new technologies are well established and matured, shipping companies appear
reluctant to adopt them. Besides, it is observed that the stakeholders are directly or
indirectly involved for implementation of energy efficiency measures in shipping
industry. Therefore, the objective for this study was to identify the barriers to
energy efficiency operational measures by a qualitative survey among various
stakeholders from all corners of shipping industry. It has been found in the
research that the barriers for implementation of all cost-free operational measures
are almost the same such as lack of information of the measure, lack of awareness
and competence of ship crews and operation difficulties which are in nature of
information and technical barriers. But financial issue and owner’s interest are the
key barriers for some other operational measures which are related to costing and
need investment for implementation.

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